Drosophila melanogaster is a species of fly (the taxonomic order Diptera) in the family Drosophilidae. The species is known generally as the common fruit fly or vinegar fly. Starting with Charles W. Woodworth's proposal of the use of this species as a model organism, D. melanogaster continues to be widely used for biological research in genetics, physiology, microbial pathogenesis, and life history evolution. This species is typically used because it can be readily reared in the laboratory, has only four pairs of chromosomes, breeds quickly, and lays many eggs. Its geographic range includes all continents, including islands. D. melanogaster is a common pest in homes, restaurants, and other places where food is served.

Sequence Statistics

No Sequences22307
No Amino Acids13569630
Min Seq. Length11
Avg. Seq. Length608.313
Max Seq. Length22971
Seq. Length 1σ656.287

Disorder Prediction Statistics

Predictor % Genome Disordered % Genome Disordered in SCOP Domains Avg. % of Seq. Disordered Avg. % of Disordered Regions in SCOP Domains Avg. % of Seq. Disordered and in SCOP Domains
VLXT 37.407 6.304 35.872 25.465 6.839
VSL2b 45.207 6.152 42.958 22.436 6.523
PrDOS 43.673 4.539 42.508 17.044 4.822
PV2 51.819 8.242 49.642 23.235 8.299
IUPred-S 25.499 1.379 22.806 11.540 1.588
IUPred-L 31.574 1.999 29.737 16.210 2.241
Espritz-N 38.176 4.025 33.511 19.673 4.009
Espritz-X 25.914 1.017 23.933 8.628 1.357
Espritz-D 7.800 0.339 24.836 6.237 3.118

SUPERFAMILY Domains

% Amino Acids with SCOP Assignment % Sequences with SCOP Assignment No of Domains No of Superfamilies No of Families Avg. Family Size Avg. Domain Length Domain Pairs Unique Domain Architectures
37 65 30012 985 895 30.5 608 1042 3448

Discussion about Drosophila melanogaster FlyBase 5.12


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